Copper Mining Plant Flow Chart

Copper is commonly extracted from surface, underground and increasingly, from in situ operations. In copper mining plant flow chart, the copper ore generally are loosened by drilling and blasting and then are loaded to the processing operations. Techniques used for extraction vary with the nature and location of the deposit. Copper mining operations may include crushing, screening, size classification, material handling and storage operations etc.

Copper Mining Technique

Open Pit Mining

Surface mining requires extensive blasting as well as rock, soil, vegetation, and overburden removal to reach lode deposits. Benches are cut into the walls of the mine to provide access to progressively deeper ore as upper-level ore is depleted. Ore is removed from the mine and transported to beneficiation plants for milling and concentrating. The concentrate is then smelted and refined. Open-pit mining is the primary domestic source of copper.

Underground Mining

Underground mining entails sinking a shaft to reach the main body of ore. Drifts or passages are then cut from the shaft at various depths to access the ore, which is brought to the surface for beneficiation. While underground mines do not create the volume of overburden associated with surface mining, some waste rock must still be brought to the surface for disposal. Waste rock may either be returned to the mine as fill or put in a disposal area.

Copper Mining Equipment

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